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Sources
1. The Center for Public Integrity, Lobby Watch, Top 100 Companies and Organizations.
2. Jeffrey Birnbaum, “A Quiet Revolution in Business Lobbying: Chamber of Commerce Helps Bush Agenda,” The Washington Post, 5 Feb. 2005: A1.
3. U.S. Chamber of Commerce website, “About the U.S. Chamber of Commerce,” accessed 12 June 2006.
4. Birnbaum A1.
5. Richard L. Berke, “Clinton Finds a Friendlier Chamber of Commerce,” New York Times, 14 Apr. 1993; Richard Miniter, “Clinton's unlikely boosters – U.S. Chamber of Commerce backs Bill Clinton's economic policies,” Insight on the News, 29 Mar. 1993; Birnbaum A1; P.B. Gray, “Inside the Chamber Under Thomas Donohue, the U.S. Chamber of Commerce has become a probusiness powerhouse; Not everyone is celebrating,” CFO Magazine, 1 June 2006.
6. Gray.
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8.“Washington in Brief: Chamber Spent Record $53 Million in Lobbying,” The Washington Post, 15 Feb. 2005.
9. Birnbaum A1.
10. U.S. Senate Office of Public Records, U.S. Lobby Registration & Reporting Disclosure for the U.S. Chamber of Commerce (1, 2).
11. U.S. Chamber of Commerce website, “Union Recognition – Secret Ballot Elections and Card Check Coercion,” accessed 12 June 2006.
12. Fawn Johnson, “Chamber Urges Republican Lawmakers To Ban 'Card-Check,' Require Elections,” Daily Labor Report, BNA Inc., 8 May 2006.
13. U.S. Chamber of Commerce website, “Union Recognition – Secret Ballot Elections and Card Check Coercion.”
14. Peace agreements generally stipulate that government contractors agree to allow unions to organize without running a contentious campaign, and unions agree not to engage in strikes or picketing against these employers. U.S. Chamber of Commerce website, “NCLC list of active cases,” accessed 12 June 2006.
15. Brief of Amici Curiae the Chamber of Commerce of the United States , the Ohio Hospital Association and the Society for Human Resource Management, Oakwood Healthcare, Inc., Sept. 2003; Brief of Amici Curiae, Chamber of Commerce of the United States of America and the Council on Labor Law Equality in support of Petitioners, Dana Corp. /Metaldyne Corp, July 2004.
16. U.S. Senate Office of Public Records, U.S. Lobby Registration & Reporting Disclosure Addendum for the U.S. Chamber of Commerce.
17. Jarol B. Manheim, “Trends in Union Corporate Campaigns,” U.S. Chamber of Commerce, 2005.
18. Jarol B. Manheim, Testimony before the House Committee on Education and the Workforce, 23 July 2002.
19. Steven Syre, “Battle Preparations,” The Boston Globe, 5 Aug. 2003.
20. Steven Greenhouse, “Group Starts Anti-Union Campaign,” The New York Times, 14 Feb. 2006: C1.
21. Greenhouse C1; Diane Lewis, “Hub radio stations to air anti-union ads,” The Boston Globe, 22 Feb. 2006.
22. Kris Maher, “Sign of a Possible Power Shift In Congress Have Unions Going All Out to Reach Voters,” The Wall Street Journal, 28 Aug. 2006: A2.
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28. Citizens for Responsible Ethics in Washington, media release 22 June 2006.
29. U.S. Chamber of Commerce website, “About the U.S. Chamber of Commerce,” accessed 12 June 2006.
30. Jeffrey Birnbaum, “A Quiet Revolution in Business Lobbying: Chamber of Commerce Helps Bush Agenda,” The Washington Post, 5 Feb. 2005: A1.